Tina Petrovicz ~ Artist

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Glossary – Part 2

Printmaking techniques  The prints here are not reproductions – but individual made prints using plates that the artist created. Here are some of the terms to help you out! Intaglio is a general category where marks (pits, grooves and cuts) are made on a plate. The plate then is inked and wiped so that the ink sits in these marks made on the plate. A press is used to transfer the ink from the plate onto a piece of paper. Intaglio can be subdivided into: drypoint, etching, aquatint, engraving, and mezzotint. Drypoint – Marks are made with a metal scriber or a Dremel on acrylic sheeting or a metal plate. The rough edge (burr) of these marks holds the ink. Mezzotint involves grooving a metal plate with a rocker until it is completely textured then burnishing and scrapping areas of the plate to make the design. The more burnishing, the less that area can hold ink and the print will be lighter in that area. The resulting print often look like a black and white photograph. Engraving is the traditional way plates for making money were made. Tiny grooves are cut out using tools into a metal plate to create the artwork design. Etching uses chemical solutions to create textures or lines or tonal areas on the plate. A barrier is applied to protect areas of the plate. The plate is then submerged in the solution which erodes the unprotected areas. More areas can be exposed or covered and re dipped in the solution to create different effects and tones. The plates used for etching are made of copper, aluminum, zinc or steel. Aquatint is a type of etching. In addition to the barrier on the plate, the exposed areas of the plate have either a light speckling of spray paint or rosin applied. The plate is then submersed in the solution. The resulting effect is a soft tonal area. Phototransfer – There are various techniques that transfers the image of a photograph or a photocopy on to a plate. Some plates are etched and some use chemicals that harden when exposed to light. More than one intaglio techniques can...

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Glossary – Part 1

Basic printmaking terms Printmaking – the art of making a plate and then making prints from that plate Plate – the flat matrix that the artwork is created on. Depending on the type of printmaking this can be glass, metal, polycarbonate sheeting, linoleum, stone, wood, cardboard and other things. Press – a mechanical device used to apply pressure in order to transfer ink from a plate to paper. There are 3 basic different presses: a letter press is used for type (letter blocks) and sometimes woodcuts or linocuts; an intaglio press is used for etching, monotypes, collographs and sometimes linocuts or woodcuts (depending on the thickness), a lithography press is used with stone and metal lithography. Hand pulled print – a print produced by inking a plate and then a using pressure of a baron (by hand) or the pressure of a press, the ink is transferred from the plate on to paper Edition or E – In an edition all prints are the same: the inking and paper. Number of a set of prints limited to the last number. Varied Edition or V.E. – In a varied edition all of the prints are from the same plate, but the inking, colour, and paper varies. Chine collé can be added as well. Archival paper – an acid free paper often made from rag, cotton, linen or other natural fibers, also sometimes referred to as wove paper Chine collé – paper or fabric is glued on the paper as part of the printing process a la poupée – colouring with different inks at the same time. Small twists of fabric (poupées) are used like paintbrushes to rub in the ink Multi-viscosity inking – to different consistencies of ink are rolled on to a plate. The two inks resist one another to produce a interesting colour separation. It is used on deeply etched...

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